And amongst the confusion, questions were being asked. ‘Am I going to get my pay docked if I can’t make it into work?’ ‘Does this count as holiday leave?’ The legal situation is actually very clear, but ethically more than a little slushy. Employers are legally entitled to ask staff to take unpaid leave or annual leave in these instances; whether it’s really fair on staff who can’t make it in, as opposed to won’t try to make it in, is another matter. There are morale issues to consider. That’s why early policy preparation is a vital part of communication. Whichever way an employer goes with this, with clear and well communicated direction at least staff know what to expect. That’s where technology comes in: an absence management tool is a vital part of keeping staff informed.
It’s not just the winter white stuff that highlights the issue of absenteeism; the winter blues play their part too. More days in January are lost than in any other month of the year; while the first Monday in February has earnt the unofficial title of National Sickie Day. Most employers would probably rather a genuinely unwell staff member spends a day or two in bed making a speedy recovery than being the brave martyr and spreading their sickness around dozens of other employees; but either way it’s food for thought. Human resources consultancy Mercer published a survey earlier this year which revealed that Mondays account for 35% of all sick leave; it surely can’t be a complete coincidence that return-to-work day is the day on which people are most likely to feel ill. What’s clear is that poor morale, poor management and poor employee engagement contribute significantly to absenteeism. There are a huge number of ways in which employers should be looking to engage staff, to show that they’re not just numbers, but accountability, good communication and sharing of information is a fundamental starting point. And it’s one where HR-tools come into play. MyWebWorkplace’s Absence Management tool is a simple first step in employee engagement, breaking down the ‘them-and-us’ mindset.
We can also hope that the new ‘fit note’ will go some way towards encouraging closer and more frequent communications between employer and employee. From 6 April 2010 sick notes will be a thing of the past, and instead computer-generated fit notes will allow doctors to advise whether a patient is fit for some work, or fit for none at all. Depending on the nature of the illness or injury, doctors’ recommendations might include reduced hours or amended duties for those patients well enough to return to work. It’s still down to the employer to decide whether it can accommodate those recommendations, or whether the patient is best left at home until fully recovered. This should see employers encouraged to open discussions on a one-to-one basis with employees.
It also acknowledges formally the variation in responsibilities from job to job and person to person. The reality of working life is that establishing variable working conditions can be hard to track; specialist software is an invaluable tool in ensuring clarity for all parties concerned. Figures such as £240-250m savings over 10 years have been punted about for the new fit note system and with 2.6m people in the UK on incapacity benefit and over 170 million working days lost per year, it’s easy to see why.
What we can be sure of, though, is a period of acclimatisation. GPs are taking on a different responsibility, and line managers and human resources personnel are going to have to think more flexibly about returning people to work. The aim of reducing long-term sickness cycles is laudable, but the process has got to be closely managed.
Turning green when you’re away
2009 also threw up two European Court of Justice rulings that employers and employees alike should be aware of: Pereda v Madrid Movilidad and Stringer v HM Revenue and Customs. Without getting into the awkward details, one case concerned the right to accrue holiday leave when a staff member is off long-term sick, while the other addressed the question mark over workers’ rights to reschedule holiday leave if they fall sick while on vacation. Both rulings went in favour of the employee.
To follow these landmark cases, a British employment tribunal, Shah v First West Yorkshire upheld an employee’s claim that he should be allowed to carry annual leave into the following year since a broken ankle coincided with his prebooked holiday leave. This contradicts the UK Working Time Regulations, which state that it’s unlawful to carry more than eight days into the following working year. The case may not be legally binding, but it sets an important precedent, and it’s one that employers should look to address now. Once again, clear communication, early policy provision and access to those policies are vital to maintaining employer-staff relations, boosting morale and reducing the risk of conflict and absenteeism.
I’ve made a few references to technology being a critical tool through which companies can manage their staff and absence policies more effectively. Bradleys, an estate agents based in the south-west, recently introduced the MyWebWorkplace.net Absence Management tool for that purpose. The company has 35 offices and around 190 staff; what complicates things when tracking absence, whether through booked leave or sickness, is that the company has a large portion of part-time staff and 49 different work patterns. Those are known only to line managers and one person in HR.
Staff would request leave by email to the central HR department, which would record it on a local bespoke database. Employees had no access to this, so duplicate requests would sometimes be submitted, and sometimes recorded. Leave entitlement was calculated manually, and tracked by one extremely busy HR person.
Leave rules were set by area managers, and enforced by HR, but the reality of a manual system, albeit one backed by a central database, was that a review of existing leave requests had to take place whenever a new leave request came in, just to make sure no rules were being broken. Those rules include the commonplace: a maximum number of staff at any office absent at the same time and restricted leave for managers on particular dates, as well as the usual variations between employees.
With hours lost across the business and not a little frustration from managing a bloated process, Bradleys turned to MyWebWorkplace for a cost-effective means of tracking entitlement and speeding communication. Absence Management gave the directors, HR department, line managers, and individual staff members 24/7 access to holiday and sickness entitlement; allowing strategic planning for department leave and employee holiday booking. The software follows the traditional process of sickness notification and holiday request forms but with none of the delays, misplaced paperwork or communications breakdowns.
The entire process is automated, calculating absence by hours or days as appropriate, and ensuring that all members of the approval process have instant access to the latest information. So an employee can see at a glance how much holiday he or she has available, and how much sick leave has been taken; a line manager can tell immediately from shared calendars which members of the department have used up their holiday entitlement, and the HR department can track trends across the entire company. The result for Bradleys is a faster, more efficient and more reliable approval process, and more time for staff, managers and HR personnel to get on with the work that really matters.
Already leave requests are arriving outside of working hours, employee guidelines and policies are hosted for access at any time of day, and confusion is a thing of the past.
Come December 2010, Bradleys will even be using Absence Management to communicate their winter absence policy to every staff member’s attention with a message that appears on log-in to the system.
Software tools are part of an important shift in staff communications, and play a critical part in managing company relations. By using technology to aid employee engagement HR departments can avoid another winter of discontent.
Nick Lovelock is a systems developer and project manager with over 30 years’ experience in software development. His broad professional background takes in industries ranging from government and public sector to civil engineering, telecoms and food processing. Needless to say, the diversity of his working environments has provided him with exposure to a variety of working practices, problems, environments and systems. This has led to the production of innovative yet practical solutions that are both systems and process driven. Nick is proficient in more than thirty types of software platforms and languages.
He set up Integrated Project Systems in 1993, since which time he has provided project, programme and planning consultancy services to numerous FTSE100 and public sector companies, and is the developer behind absence management solution MyWebWorkplace.net.
Notes to editor:
Integrated Project Systems was established
in 1993, and has provided bespoke online business automation applications to numerous FTSE100 and public sector companies.
MyWebWorkplace.net's information assurance processes are founded on the internationally recognised ISO 27001 Security Management standard, and as an on-demand service, is available day and night, with nearly 100% uptime, with each time zone allocated its own servers to maintain uptime during working hours.
Any company can test-drive the Absence Management module of MyWebWorkplace.net by visiting https://mwwp.me/Client_New/ and signing up for three free employees.
Integrated Project Systems Ltd
10 School Lane
Integrated Project Systems Ltd
4 Ballybarnes Meadow